How can I disinfect tools to prevent the spread of HIV

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Steps 1 and 2 should be done right after using your tools. Try not to let blood and mucus dry on them. Step 3 should be done right before you use the tools again. All the steps can be done together if you can store your tools so they will stay disinfected.

1. Soaking: Soak your tools for 10 minutes. If possible, use a 0.5% solution of bleach (chlorine). Soaking your tools in bleach solution first will help protect you from infection when cleaning the tools. If you do not have bleach, soak your tools in water.

2. Washing: Wash all tools with soapy water and a brush until each one looks very clean, and rinse them with clean water. Be careful not to cut yourself on sharp edges or points. If possible, use heavy gloves, or any gloves you may have.

3. Disinfecting: Steam or boil the tools for 20 minutes (as long as it takes to cook rice).

  • To steam them, you need a pot with a lid. The water does not need to cover the tools, but use enough water to keep steam coming out the sides of the lid for 20 minutes.
  • To boil them, you do not need to fill the whole pot with water. But you should make sure water covers everything in the pot the entire time. If possible, put a lid on the pot.

For both steaming and boiling, start to count the 20 minutes after the water is fully boiling. Do not add anything new to the pot once you begin to count.

  • Burns, A. A., Niemann, S., Lovich, R., Maxwell, J., & Shapiro, K. (2014). Where women have no doctor: A health guide for women. Hesperian Foundation.
  • Audiopedia ID: en011008